Infotech After a mess on women’s pensions, the government somehow defends its reform

After a mess on women’s pensions, the government somehow defends its reform

During this speech presenting the pension reform, Elisabeth Borne supported tooth and nail a text fairer, especially for women. “Each year more than 3,000 women will be able to retire earlier”, she said then. Her figure is correct but at that time, the Prime Minister omits another piece of data: with the reform, nearly 210,000 women on average per generation will have to postpone their departure, compared to 170,000 for men, according to the study by impact of the government revealed Monday, January 23 by “Les Echos”.

Is this reform then really ” more just “ for women ? Even the Minister for Relations with Parliament, Franck Riester, admitted Monday evening on the Public Senate channel that women would be “a little penalized” by the pension reform. “We never said that everyone was a winner. Women, to reach their contribution period, use in particular quarters validated by child […]. Obviously if you postpone the legal age, they are a little penalized. We absolutely do not disagree, said Franck Riester.

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Rejection of the pension reform, look for the woman

The government’s impact study reveals in particular that women will work an average of seven months longer compared to five months for men with the reform. Mainly in question: the quarters validated with the arrival of a child (up to eight per child in the private sector, four in the public service). With the postponement of the retirement age to 64, the effect of these validated quarters is canceled out for some women, whereas before, they allowed them to retire earlier.

Work more to earn more ?

Then follows a commotion of members of the government to correct the situation. This Tuesday, in the morning radio sessions where they were invited, the ministers tried to save the day with an argument: women will certainly work more, but they will earn more.

“It depends on what you mean by ‘penalized'”, began Stanislas Guérini awkwardly. But “women’s retirement pensions will increase significantly more than those of men”assured the Minister of Transformation and the Public Service who nevertheless lets go of a hint that the contribution period for women “will increase a little slightly” compared to that of men.

“You have to look at all the parameters”nuanced Clément Beaune, Minister of Transport on Franceinfo while conceding that “the jump is going to be a little bit bigger” for women.

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For her part, the Minister for Energy Transition, Agnès Pannier Runacher, hammered home on BFMTV that the reform sought to repair a “gross injustice”. “They will above all earn more, that is the essence of this reform. » Gabriel Attal, Minister for Action and Public Accounts, also explained on LCI that “women who will work longer will also see their pension improved”. However, he supports a reform that he considers of progress and justice. »

Pensions: “When the reform was announced, I felt injustice and contempt for the workers”

In the afternoon, the head of government, Elisabeth Borne, finished promoting her reform in the National Assembly by advancing the same argument: “Women will be the first beneficiaries of the revaluation of small pensions, almost a third of them will see their pension increase. »

A mechanical increase

In fact, will women see their retirement pension increase? According to the government’s impact study on the reform, yes. But this increase appears to be minimal: women’s pensions, with the reform, should increase by 1% to 2.2% depending on the generation, against 0.2% to 0.9% for those of men.

Currently, according to a Drees study published in 2022, women retire on average at 62 years and seven months. Men at 62. Women’s pension amounts to an average of 1,154 euros per month. That of men at 1931 euros. This increase garnered by the reform would not compensate for the 40% gap between the amount of women’s pensions and that of men’s pensions. It follows a mechanical effect: they work more so their pension increases.

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Sacrificed generations: behind the retirement age, social inequalities

Concerning the “new rights” that the government intends to create thanks to the reform (creation of an old-age insurance for carers or even the taking into account of the quarter for carers), this will only concern 3,000 women, as she herself said, Elisabeth Borne during the presentation of the reform.

For the famous minimum pension at 1,200 euros, it will be difficult to obtain according to “Mediapart”. According to the investigative media, it will be necessary to justify a salary level that has never exceeded the Smic and a full full-time career in the private sector. Women more often than men have choppy and part-time careers.

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