Infotech Deal concluded: France will deliver gas to Germany, which will deliver electricity

Deal concluded: France will deliver gas to Germany, which will deliver electricity

Olaf Scholz and Elisabeth Borne sealed this Friday, November 25 the warming of Franco-German relations, after weeks of dissonance, with a supposed energy agreement ” to guarantee “ their supply. “The more difficult times are, the more important the cooperation between Germany and France is”argued the German Chancellor during a joint press conference with the French Prime Minister.

Elisabeth Borne, for her first visit to Berlin as head of government, for her part advocated a “unity that must be maintained” faced with the multiple crises facing the Franco-German couple. These statements came to conclude an intense ministerial ballet in recent weeks on both sides of the Rhine, after tensions which had led to the postponement of the Franco-German Council of Ministers in October.

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The warming took concrete form this Friday with the signing in front of the objectives by the two leaders of a “solidarity agreement” energy between Paris and Berlin. Concretely, the agreement provides that France helps Germany with gas deliveries. The latter in exchange will support her neighbor to “secure your electricity supply”according to the joint statement.

The Electricity Agreement ” secured “ France on December and January, said a French government source.

A turning point for both countries

“Friends support each other in adversity”summarized Olaf Scholz, Elisabeth Borne welcoming a text “important which will have concrete consequences and which will protect the citizens of both countries”.

France has already been delivering gas to Germany since mid-October which, in turn, could bring forward to November (instead of January) the increase in its electricity exchange capacities, which will allow France to receive more. Due to the shutdown of many nuclear reactors, this is the first time in forty-two years that France has been a net importer of electricity. For Germany too, the turning point is historic because the country usually imported its gas from Russia.

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Energy: the other war for Europe

However, the two countries remain divided on the idea of ​​capping gas prices. And Germany’s aid plan of 200 billion euros for individuals and businesses in the face of soaring prices makes its neighbors fear a distortion of competition. Paris and Berlin have also sought to display a common front against Moscow. The two countries “will support Ukraine until the end” of the conflict, Elisabeth Borne also repeated, on behalf of the two countries regularly criticized for the supposed timidity of their support for kyiv.

The Prime Minister also, in the process, met Robert Habeck, environmental vice-chancellor in charge of the Economy and the Climate, already received Tuesday in Paris in a rather unprecedented way by the French president, who also spoke with the minister German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock.

Breaking the deadlock

“We did well to postpone the Franco-German Council of Ministers to have consistent elements in January”, we summarize from a French diplomatic source. This Council of Ministers should finally be held around January 22, which will mark the 60e anniversary of the Elysée agreement between the two countries.

“The start of the school year has been difficult for everyone. There was a little tension that remotivated everyone, and that way we move more.adds the same source.

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” Together we are stronger “ for in particular “dealing with the climate transition and ensuring that between China and the United States, there is a third power called Europe”French Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire had already said on Thursday, when he received German Finance Minister Christian Lindner.

Paris and Berlin have also shown a desire to“accelerate” European industrial projects faced with the massive investment plan of the United States (Inflation Reduction Act, IRA), likely to distort competition and on which Elisabeth Borne and Olaf Scholz want a common European response.

These tensions have, however, brought certain projects out of the impasse, such as the political agreement reached between the manufacturers Dassault and Airbus on the European combat aircraft project (Scaf, air combat system of the future), even if no signature of contracts was not scheduled for Friday. Olaf Scholz said to himself ” confident “ Friday about the realization of this project.

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