The professional equality index, published for the fourth year, with the first sanctions for poor students, has made it possible to reduce certain wage inequalities between women and men within companies, but it “remain perfectible”according to Elisabeth Borne.
“The index is installed in the landscape. Now is the time to work on improving it. This should be one of the projects for the next five-year term”estimates the Minister of Labor in an interview with “Echos” published on Monday, March 7.
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In 2021, the average score for companies improved slightly, going from 85 to 86 out of 100. This score includes five criteria: the gender pay gap (40 points), the gap in annual increases (20 points), the difference in promotions (15 points), increases on return from maternity leave (15 points) and the share of women in the ten highest salaries (10 points).
Companies with more than 250 employees have been required to publish their overall score (out of 100) since 2019 at the beginning of March, and those with 50 to 250 employees since 2020. When the score is below 75, the company must take measures corrections within three years.
This year, 61% of companies with more than 50 employees declared their index, a stable and still partial figure (they were 76% at the end of 2021). The overall average score increases by one point, from 85 to 86 out of 100.
2% of companies obtain the maximum score
The two indicators “return from maternity leave” and “parity in the 10 highest salaries”, which were the black spots of 2020, each increase by one point. However, “They are always behind”, notes the Minister of Labor Elisabeth Borne in “les Echos”. Thus 2,354 companies, i.e. 11% of the total, still obtained a score of 0 on the indicator “return from maternity leave”.
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Companies with more than 1,000 employees obtain the best results: 85% published their index at the beginning of March for an average score of 89 out of 100. Conversely, only 53% of companies with 50 to 250 employees responded.
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Among the bad students, 16 companies with more than 250 employees recorded a score below 75 for the fourth consecutive year. For them, “sanctions will be applied for the first time”, which can go up to 1% of the payroll, confirms Elisabeth Borne. Eleven others have not yet declared their index and could join them.
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Among those with 50 to 250 employees, 140 have had a score below 75 for three years and may be penalized in 2023 if they do not exceed 75 points.
Only 2% of companies obtain the maximum score of 100. Since this year, companies with a score of less than 85 points are required to adopt measures to improve.