The landing took place in an area of the Red Planet named “Utopia Planitia”, a vast plain located in the northern hemisphere of Mars, said the Chinese space agency.
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A faultless. China succeeded on Saturday May 15 to land a small remote-controlled robot on the surface of Mars, a first for the Asian country. “Tianwen-1 lander successfully landed in predefined area” on Mars with the robot on board Zhurong, said public television CCTV, which broadcast a special edition titled “Nihao Huoxing” (“Hello March”), and clarified that a “signal” had been received on Earth.
The landing took place at 7.18am Beijing time (1.18am in Paris), in an area of the red planet called “Utopia Planitia”, a vast plain located in the northern hemisphere of Mars, the Chinese space agency said. (CNSA).
The Chinese had launched in July 2020 from Earth their uninhabited mission Tianwen-1, named after the probe sent into space. This is made up of three elements: an orbiter (which revolves around Mars), a lander (which has landed on the red planet) and on board a remote-controlled robot, Zhurong. By February, Tianwen-1 had moved into orbit and managed to take pictures of the red planet. China has now managed to land the lander, which should allow the robot to come out. Carrying out these three operations during an inaugural mission to Mars is a world first. Chinese President Xi Jinping sent his congratulations.
Weighing around 240 kg, Zhurong is to conduct soil and atmospheric analyzes, take photos and map the red planet. The robot is equipped with solar panels for its power supply. It is supposed to be operational for three months.
Zhurong is also equipped with cameras, radar and lasers which will allow it in particular to study its environment and analyze the composition of Martian rocks. The mission should also look for possible signs of past life.