Top Stories October 14 Revolution .. Goals and Results

October 14 Revolution .. Goals and Results





As we live in the celebrations of the fifty-seventh anniversary of the glorious October 14 Revolution, it is necessary to recall the enormous sacrifices that were made in order to achieve the principles and objectives of this great revolution, which was able to achieve Yemeni independence from the British colonialist who crouched on the issuance of the Yemenis in the south of the country for a century and more than two decades from the date of To whom.

The October fourteenth revolution, 1963 AD, represents a natural extension of the revolution of the twenty-sixth of September 1962, and an important event for the Yemeni people and is one of the most important revolutions that changed the lives of Yemenis, and changed the course of history in the south of the country in particular and in Yemen in general.

The importance of this blessed revolution is not limited to the fact that it was the starting point for liberation from colonialism and its remnants only, but its historical importance lies in the fact that it produced the state with a unified identity that expanded all of Yemen, and was able to unify 23 sultanates, sheikhdoms and emirates, and then the Yemeni unity was achieved on the 22nd of May 1990 AD, which is the fruit of the struggle for the two revolutions. (September and October).

Integrated system

Speaking of the goals of the October Revolution, it can be said that its goals were the goals of the mother revolution in September, and these September and October goals formed in their entirety an integrated system that was not selectable and indivisible and was a political program of action that reflected the extent of the political awareness of the leaders and pioneers of the early revolution, as each goal represented a cause and an outcome. For the other goal

Many men of the national movement and historians of the Yemeni revolution agree that September and October were two revolutions “complementary in means and mechanisms, and it was not possible for one of them to succeed in isolation from the other, because liberation from British colonialism as external colonialism can only be achieved by liberation from the tyranny that was lying in the northern part.” As internal colonization.

Therefore, it was necessary to start with liberation from internal tyranny, so that the revolutionaries could then devote themselves to liberation and get rid of British colonialism as it is one of the most powerful colonial state and empire on which the sun does not set. South Yemen occupied 128 years as the longest colonialism in the history of the region, and this requires creating conditions to confront it.

And when the September revolution broke out, national unity between the people of Yemen in the north and south in Abha embodied its images, so a large number of the people of the south came to support and defend it, among them as the sources reported, the fighter Rajeh bin Ghaleb Labouza, Major Muhammad Ahmad Al-Duqum and Professor Abdo Numan Al-Hakimi, and hundreds of others who joined the army and the college Warfare

Britain sought at the time to support the royalists and the tribes that support them to prevent the revolution from succeeding and hit it early, and allied in order to restore the fugitive Imam al-Badr to power in Sana’a, realizing that Sana’a, which set the first goals of its September revolution to get rid of tyranny and colonialism, will not stand idly by in front of the revolution of its Yemeni brothers in South, however, those endeavors have failed.

After the success of the September Revolution and the fall of the rule of the defunct priestly imamate, the Yemeni governorates in the north turned into incubators for the young national movement in the south, which worked to organize itself in a political framework representing the people of the south in Sana’a, known at the time as the liberation movement of the occupied Yemeni south.

The victory of the September Revolution was a great indication of the victory of the Southern Revolution, for only one year after the revolution of September 26, 1962 AD, the militants of the people of the south returned carrying in their hearts the spark of the revolution, experience, experience and military sciences that they had learned to be fuel for the October 14 Revolution that changed the world’s face with the support of the free, revolutionaries and honorable governorates. North Yemen.

The first spark

Like the dawn of the fourteenth of October 1963, the spark of the revolution to liberate the south from British colonialism under the leadership of the fighter Rajeh Ghalib Labouza, and those with him from among the free heroes, and that bright dawn of October was not a coincidence, as it passed with great repercussions and gave birth from the womb of the suffering produced by the hateful colonizer

The revolution was preceded by uprisings in various cities in southern Yemen, a broad student and trade union protest movement, and secret organizations that adopted the armed struggle to confront the British occupation and its local tools, and several conferences were held in Taiz, Ibb and Sana’a to study the start of the revolution and organize its course.

Objectives and results

The revolutionaries drew the principles and goals of their October Revolution, and these goals were characterized by comprehensiveness and circumvention in the political, economic and social aspects, and in the forefront was liberation from tyranny, colonialism and their remnants, overthrowing the sultanistic rule, unifying Yemen of the south, establishing a sovereign state, building an army and a national economy, and finally re-realizing Yemeni unity and implementing the plan. Quinquennial.

The spark of the first revolution took place in the Radfan Mountains, followed by revolutionary and guerrilla operations targeting the British occupation in conjunction with a large popular turn around in various cities in southern Yemen, and Taiz was the beating heart of the October 14th Revolution, given its pivotal role in supporting the revolution, collecting donations for it, supplying it with money and weapons, training and preparing Heroes, and participation in it, and prominent leaders from Taiz have performed well in it.

The success of this revolution would not have been possible for us at that time had it not been for the indomitable hardness and will of the revolutionaries in the great and successful victory, as the British forces in their attacks and raids on the Radfan regions followed a policy of “scorched earth”, and left a terrible humanitarian catastrophe that made a member of the British House of Commons condemn these inhuman acts.

The pace of the revolution continued for four years, until the heroes of the October 14 Revolution, with their legendary steadfastness in front of the colonial military machine, achieved the first goals of the Yemeni revolution represented by the liberation of the southern part of the homeland after the British colonialist announced his departure from southern Yemen and the evacuation of his last soldier, and granted the people their full independence on the 30th of November 1967.

The second goal that was achieved by the revolution and the awareness of its leaders is no less important than the first goal, and that is to unify more than twenty sultanates, emirates and sheikhdoms into a single national entity on the basis of loyalty to the revolution and the principles for which it was established.

Independence was the threshold for the transition to achieving the rest of the other goals, passing through dealing with the effects of colonialism that divided the single Yemeni society, and reaching the most important goal of the September 26 and October 14 revolutions, which is to re-achieve the blessed Yemeni unity, which was subsequently achieved on May 22, 1990 AD.

The real danger

Although talking today about the existence of some gaps or deficiencies in achieving the goals of the October Revolution, this does not negate the reality of its existence and the achievement of its possible goals, but rather it is a serious desire to achieve more and more successes and developmental achievements at all political, cultural, social and economic levels for the Yemeni people.

The glorious October Revolution that took place against foreign colonialism – as described by the researcher at the Abaad Center for Studies and Research, Fuad Musaad, is considered a pivotal event and a major turning point in Yemeni history, because it faced a colonial power that was controlling large parts of the world, and the October revolutionaries were able with what they possessed of the patriotic sense And revolutionary awareness and awareness of colonial designs to achieve the most important and prominent goals of the revolution, which is the departure of the colonized and the complete and unconditional declaration of national independence.

Despite the presence of pitfalls, errors and deviations that accompanied the course of building the national state after the October Revolution, as it also happened in building the state and establishing the republican system in northern Yemen after the eternal September revolution. However, according to the researcher, this does not diminish the importance of the Yemeni revolution, whether it was the September revolution or the October revolution.

“What has been achieved goes beyond many failures, as it established a state based on equality and eradicated the negative concepts established by British colonialism in southern Yemen and imamate rule in the north, when these ruling regimes worked to harness the people and all their resources and wealth to serve their interests and for the sake of the survival of the authoritarianism. Tyranny as long as possible. “

But the real danger, after more than five decades ago, to the September 26 revolutions in northern Yemen, and the October 14 revolution in its south, is the return of yesterday’s alliances between the imamate priesthood and the British occupation, which are now present again by the alliance between the territorial advocates and the advocates of dynasticism, a situation similar to before The “September and October revolutions,” with different players.

Perhaps what is embodied on that day is the struggle of the regions in the south and the war of the heirs of the imamate rule in order to return to the era before the September revolution, in a scene that has effectively threatened the gains of the September and October revolutions represented in the republican system, national unity, democratic institutions, state institutions, civil society and democracy. .

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