The report of the UN Security Council’s Group of Experts for the year 2020 said that the city of Marib has witnessed a development boom and has turned into the de facto capital of the Yemeni government-controlled region.
The report added that Marib Governorate has undergone transformations since 2015, and its population increased from 400,000 to one million and 800,000, after it embraced the displaced people fleeing the Houthi militia, which put pressure on health and education services in the city.
The report said that, unlike other regions in Yemen, Marib has government institutions – albeit weak – that perform their duties, and local leaders owe their loyalty to the government.
He explained that the governor of Marib, Major General Sultan Al-Arada, expressed his complaint about the limited support provided by the government, noting that the army’s wages had not been paid for several months, and that the hooves paid to the fighters were insufficient.
The authorities also complained, according to the report, that international organizations have a very limited presence in the governorate, which has 130 camps for the displaced.
The team said that it visited a number of city buildings in Marib, such as housing, a mosque and a school that had been attacked with what it described as ballistic shells since early 2020, confirming that the direction of these shells’ landing showed that those carried out by the Houthi militia.