From this Monday, May 9 and until May 16, delivery people and VTC drivers are called to the polls. The approximately 120,000 self-employed workers (approximately 39,000 drivers and 84,000 deliverers) of networking platforms (Deliveroo, Uber, Just Eat, etc.) can vote to elect their representatives. However, barely started, this election is already the subject of much criticism. The national inter-union VTC (INV), the union of private drivers (SCP) and the Clap (Collective of Autonomous Parisian Deliverers) have decided to boycott it.
Deliveroo facing justice: couriers want to bring uberization to trial
Several themes are involved in this election: remuneration, working conditions, professional training, social guarantees for workers and the termination of commercial relations between workers and platforms. Elected representatives will also be protected against the risk of breach of contract with the platforms and the hours spent in delegations will be compensated. But INV, one of the historic unions in the sector, prefers to boycott the election and bet on justice to obtain social progress.
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Drivers and deliverers have been calling for regulation of the sector for many months. Highlighting in November “the urgency to act”Labor Minister Elisabeth Borne had defended “a position of equilibrium” allowing “ofsupport the development of networking platforms while ensuring better protection of workers’ rights […] and strengthen their social rights”. This Monday, she greeted “a historic meeting” for these workers and which will allow them to improve their ” terms “ all in “respecting their independent status to which most of them are attached”.
“The bases of this election are unhealthyis indignant with the “Obs” Brahim Ben Ali, secretary general of the union of independent drivers. The government has chosen not to regulate the platforms. » The trade unionist believes that the text allowing the holding of professional elections “de facto excludes the possible requalification as an employee claimed”.
Uberization or the “brutality of an automated and radical power”
A position shared by the U2P, an employers’ organization which represents craftsmen and liberal professions, which had estimated in February that the government of Emmanuel Macron was in the process of creating the conditions for “a third status between that of self-employed worker and that of employee”.
“How to be confident? »
The “international digital platforms must contribute to the financing of social protection” and not leave it to the independents alone, also claims Brahim Ben Ali and the INV. For him, this election is rather in the direction of the platforms. He regrets that the relationship of subordination between the connection platforms and the drivers or deliverers is not recognized. “The driver’s independent status is totally fictitious. The platform ensures that drivers are free to choose their slots, for example, but certain schedules are improved. Everyone works on these schedules, it’s as if they were imposed. »
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At the beginning of December, Brussels proposed an arsenal of measures to strengthen the rights of workers on digital platforms and compel the latter, according to a certain number of criteria, to comply with the obligations (minimum wage, working time, security standards …) imposed by the labor legislation of the country concerned.
Uber, Deliveroo… With the presumption of employment, the EU “recognizes that platform workers must be protected”
Finally, Brahim Ben Ali calls into question the neutrality of Arpe (Employment Platforms Social Relations Authority), responsible for promoting social dialogue between drivers and platforms. The consulting firm of Bruno Mettling, chairman of the board of directors of the body, has indeed defended Uber in the past. “Under these conditions, how can we have confidence? »